There is no encryption of documents that are protected by such passwords, and Microsoft Office protection system saves a hash sum of a password in a document's header where it can be easily accessed and removed by the specialized software. Password to open a document offers much tougher protection that had been steadily enhanced in the subsequent editions of Microsoft Office. Word 95 and all the preceding editions had the weakest protection that utilized a conversion of a password to a bit key.
Key length in Word 97 and was strengthened up to 40 bit.
However, modern cracking software allows removing such a password very quickly — a persistent cracking process takes one week at most. Use of rainbow tables reduces password removal time to several seconds. Some password recovery software can not only remove a password, but also find an actual password that was used by a user to encrypt the document using brute-force attack approach. Statistically, the possibility of recovering the password depends on the password strength.
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Nonetheless, a password can be fairly quickly picked with brute-force attack, because its speed is still high regardless of the CSP selected. Moreover, since the CSPs are not active by the default, their use is limited to advanced users only. Word offers a significantly more secure document protection which utilizes the modern Advanced Encryption Standard AES that converts a password to a bit key using a SHA-1 hash function times.
It makes password removal impossible as of today, no computer that can pick the key in reasonable amount of time exists , and drastically slows the brute-force attack speed down to several hundreds of passwords per second. Word's protection algorithm was not changed apart from increasing number of SHA-1 conversions up to times, and consequently, the brute-force attack speed decreased two times more.
BYTE in criticized the documentation for Word 1. It called the software "clever, put together well, and performs some extraordinary feats", but concluded that "especially when operated with the mouse, has many more limitations than benefits While the review cited an excellent WYSIWYG display, sophisticated print formatting, windows, and footnoting as merits, it criticized many small flaws, very slow performance, and "documentation apparently produced by Madame Sadie's Pain Palace".
It concluded that Word was "two releases away from potential greatness". It's like a Mozart or Edison , whose occasional gaucherie we excuse because of his great gifts". Despite its commercial success, it has also been argued in the scientific community that Word might not be well-suited for large-scale projects with high typographical demands, due to issues such as file compatibility, poor typography, low image quality and limited feature scalability.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Word processor developed by Microsoft. A story being written and formatted in Word, running on Windows Office Windows 10 Windows 8. Main article: History of Microsoft Word. Left: The icon for. Right: The icon for. The icon seen in Microsoft Office is slightly more colorful. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. December This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: WordArt. Main article: Microsoft Office password protection. April Microsoft Docs.
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Archived from the original on March 28, Office Watch. Word processors. List Comparison of early word processors. Adobe Buzzword Atlantis Nova Bean since v. Nisus Writer. Microsoft Office. History of Microsoft Office 95 97 XP If lines of text are spaced too far apart, they seem unrelated and can be difficult to read. The space after a heading should be slightly less than the space above the heading. To change the spacing, select Line and Paragraph Spacing from the Paragraph styles section of the Home tab main menu.
How to open Microsoft Word documents in Apple Pages on a Mac | Macworld
If you like the styles you have set and want to reuse them in each new document you create you can save them as your default styles. As the designer of the presentation, it is important to know why an image is included, and the alt attribute should be generated based on that reason, or what the image is meant to relay to the audience. Due to the complexity of accessibility issues, it is not recommended to use tables.
Setting up columns is easier and more readily inclusive. Be sure to use the true Columns function in Word rather than making them manually. In the example image below, compare how the table and the columns look. Hyperlinks in an electronic document should be embedded within the text to aid in readability and accessibility. From the Insert tab, choose the Hyperlink option from the menu.
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Or right-click the highlighted text and select Hyperlink. Highlight the appropriate text and open the Hyperlink option. Choose This Document, and select the Heading you want to link to.
macOS: Creating Templates in Pages and Word
Select the Check Accessibility button from the Review tab again when you have completed each task to receive an updated report. Skip to main content. In the main menu, select the Home tab. All of the pre-set styles are listed in the Styles section The title and subtitle styles should only be used for a document with a title page. Highlight all of the text in the document.
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Highlight any text that is meant to be a list. If the list is not sequential choose bulleted list from the Paragraph styles section. Pro Tip Select the style you want to apply before adding new content to save a step.
Modify the size, font, or spacing.